Trade Links Up


Your website submissions MUST follow the format of the following two entries in order to receive credit. There must be a Title for the page followed by a URL. Each website must include a 2-3 sentence description of what the site is about and why it is relevant to the course.

I ask that you submit your websites to me electronically at Thanks.

Macau's Trade Promotion Department  -

The TPD is dedicated to promote and develop Macau's trade with the world. Its primary functions include:  to promote export diversification and development of Macau by identifying trade opportunities and potential markets; to organize promotional activities abroad for Macau’s export community; to provide trade information services to Macau’s exporters and overseas importers. (Farrah Tam)


US Foreign Sales Corporation Rules Replaced -

 The US government has approved an act that replaces current Foreign Sales Corporation rules with new tax rules for foreign sales. The legislation affects both US and foreign companies paying US taxes.  (Jessica Liu)

 Canadian Farmers Suffering over Foreign Export Subsidies -

 Canadian farm incomes are the lowest they have been since the depression, according to a spokeswoman from the Canada Council.  High export subsidies in Europe is a main factor contributing to low farm income, said Jo Dufay, national campaigns co-ordinator with Council of Canadians. (Jessica Liu) 

Jerry Sullivan-

 Who is he?  A professor at UW.  What does he teach?  International Business.  He wrote the book that is being used in BA 188.  This website "is your gateway to massive amounts of information which will help you in locating data on foreign environments."  Of course, there is tons of useless stuff, but also some worthwhile links to (government) organizations that control the world's economy and trade. (Erik Dymtruk)


Thank God.  I saw a Molson commercial the other day on television.  It's coming. It's coming.  Beware American breweries; you will be exiting the market soon.  This is international trade at its best.  Of course, we'll see fewer (American) firms, but now we have more choice.  And a superior one at that.  Try it everyone and you'll be thanking me.  Coming soon to a supermarket near your.  Brace yourself. (Erik Dymtruk) 

Global Macroeconomic and Financial Policy Site by Nouriel Roubini - 

Wonderful resource site with loads of information on the international financial system created by a business professor at NYU.  Has a detailed section on the Asian Crisis in particular with links to numerous articles and gives a clear background to get you up to speed.  Enormous amount of information split into user-friendly groupings so as to give the latest information on hot topics (oil crises, globalization, World Bank/IMF reform, EMU, etc.) and news of current interest.  (Gee Wah Mok) 

Institute for International Economics - 

One of the premier economic think tanks with a roster that reads like a who's who of international economics.  The website has overviews on the current topics of interest (china/wto, globalization, etc.) with links to more articles.  It also has many full articles and papers online.  The policy briefs section is especially helpful and contains a large section on trade policy.  (Gee Wah Mok) 

Center for International Trade Development - 

CITD's mission is to advance California's economic growth and global competitiveness through quality work force improvement, technology deployment, and business development. CITD has information on how to obtain government funded services for financing the international trade community.  CITD also has many resources to introduce products and services into the global economy.  (Helen Kang) 

United Nations Commission on International Trade Law - 

The United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL) is the core legal body within the United Nations system in the field of international trade law. UNCITRAL was tasked by the General Assembly to further the progressive harmonization and unification of the law of international trade. (Helen Kang)

American Iron and Steel Industry (AISI) -

 Ah, another source of propaganda from the steel industry.  The site has a lot of information about steel and why we "should" be protecting it.  It contains trade statistics and general news about the state of the steel industry.     (Brian Choi) 

Agriculture - Agenda 2000 -

 This website is devoted to providing information about possible reforms to the EU's Common Agricultural Policy (CAP).  The website breaks down the reforms by Agricultural industry, and has the actual reform resolutions & regulations.  (Brian Choi) 

World Bank Trade & Development Report -

 I came across this as I heard someone from the World Bank talk on CNBC about the state of developing countries.  He said there has been tremendous growth in trade, but the major impediment is tariffs/subsidies by developed countries, particularly in agriculture.  Just like you said.  Here's the link to the report, although the report is condensed. (Erik Dymtruk) 

World Trade Magazine - 

This site is an online version of the World Trade magazine.  This online publication includes the main stories found in the magazine.  It provides news on issues that affect world trade. (Dennis Chiu)

 Austrade - 

Austrade is the Australian Trade Commission - the federal government's export and investment facilitation agency.  Austrade Online is Austrade's enhanced web site.  It provides a comprehensive, up-to-date export information service, including advice on international trade issues, export programmes and overseas markets. (Dennis Chiu) 

Government Purchasing Policy-- 

Buyers and Sellers Information Service (basis) is an ACT Government initiative that provides a match-maker service for suppliers located in the Australian Capital Region. It brings together Regional buyers and sellers by publishing an electronic Regional Business Directory, which lists suppliers (products and services) and business opportunities across all levels of government. (Jasmin Wen) 

China, Trade and Human Rights - 

This website is done by the human rights watch group.  They do reports about other nations and bring awareness of a nation is not upholding the rights of their citizens.  This website is on China and on their human rights violations.  In this website they are advocating that the US and other nations use trade sanctions to bring about better human rights policies in the PRC.  This is an example of what we are discussing in class.  Any policy that inhibits trade is a bad idea and the problem can be addressed other ways. (Melanie Anantharaman)

 WTO Article –

 This is the link about the WTO.  It says when and why the organization was created.  This is directly related to our class discussions because the WTO is an organization that was created to prevent trade wars and create more trade across borders.  This site can help those who wish to know more about this organization, it's policies and the member nations. (Melanie Anantharaman)

China External Trade Development Council (CETRA) - 

A trade promotion organization sponsored by the government, industrial, and  commercial associations assisting businesses and manufacturers to trade with Taiwan.  Included are trade statistics by industry and countries to and from Taiwan, as well as many Taiwanese business listings and product release information that would better facilitate trade between Taiwan and the Rest-of-the-World.  Ironically, this "China External Trade Development Council" is sponsored  by Taiwanese government and corporations, without any participation from "mainland" China. (Charlene Choi)

 World Expo - 

Expo 2000, a 5 month world exposition (06/01/2000 - 10/31/2000) open to the public at Hannover, Germany, featured over 180 countries around the world.  Sponsored by organizations such as the EU, the World Bank, the UN, and many private corporations, this year's expo concentrates on "Humankind - Nature -Technology: A new world arising".  Through this Expo, we can attempt to see how globalization is or is not taking place in various countries around the world, as many pavilions hosted by various countries feature cultural and economic exchanges between countries. (Charlene Choi) 

Hope you like these!  (It is unfortunate that the US, due to lack of funding, was not featured in this Expo and thus the entire Expo has not been much covered by the American media). 

European Commission's Info-Point on World Trade in Services - 

This site mainly deals with issues regarding GATS (Don't know what GATS means? Wish you went to the class before Thanksgiving, now don't you?). Although this site is intended for European Business Owners, it seems very useful for firms from any nation who are trading services (as opposed to goods) internationally.  The site has good information about the history and recent developments on GATS around the world, including practical information on why these policies are good for nations that participate. (Brian Choi) 

The Language of Trade - 

This is an online version of the third edition of "The Language of Trade".  This publication is a useful cheat sheet if you need to quickly find information regarding international trade.  It contains a glossary of trade terminology, and a chronology of major events in international trade since 1916.  But the coolest part of the site has to be the list of acronyms used in int'l trade.  Now you'll know that FOB doesn't mean fresh off the boat... (Brian Choi) 

What About the Trade Deficit? -

 This site deals with the issue of trade imbalances and whether they are good or bad.  Parallels the difficult concept of trade imbalance with a more understandable analogy to better help individuals come to grasp with the benefits and harms of trade. (Dennis Chiu) 

Federal Trade Commission -

 The Federal Trade Commission enforces a variety of federal antitrust and consumer protection laws. The Commission seeks to ensure that the nation's markets function competitively, and are vigorous, efficient, and free of undue restrictions. The Commission also works to enhance the smooth operation of the marketplace by eliminating acts or practices that are unfair or deceptive. (Dennis Chiu) 

Academic Consortium on International Trade -

 ACIT is a group of academic economists and lawyers who are specialized in international trade policy and international economic law. ACIT's purpose is to prepare and circulate policy statements and papers that deal with important, current issues of international trade policy. This is a great site with lots of useful information and great papers. (Helen Kang) 

United Students Against Sweatshops -

 USAS is an organization of 200 campuses working on a national campaign to stop sweatshops. This is an interesting site that advocates human rights and labor conditions over free trade. (Helen Kang)

European-American Business Council- 

The council claims to be "the mind and voice of European-U.S. business interests."  This is basically a leading business association that provides a forum for transatlantic trade issues.  This site also serves as a compository of relevant information for business venture know-hows in the European-American trade. (Vanessa Tung) 

Fair Trade Federation-

 The members of FTF are committed to providing fair wages to economically disadvantaged artisans and farmers worldwide. This site can link consumers directly to low-income producers and educates the importance of purchasing fairly traded goods.  FTF also promotes the principle for sustainable system of production and trade that benefits low-income peoples and communities. (Vanessa Tung)

 International Trade Administration- 

This is the official site for ITA, which is a branch within the United States Department of Commerce.  It is responsible for non-agricultural export promotion activities.  This site provides a selection of export promotion goods and services and coordinates all promotional efforts across the U.S.  (Han Ma)

 ITA Trade Information Center-

 This site is another service under the International Trade Administration of the U.S. Department of Commerce.  It contains detailed information on export opportunities, trade conditions, and business environments for the Asia-Pacific region (except Japan).  I found this particularly interesting because it includes a section on the business etiquette as practiced in Asia and the Pacific--this might prove to be useful to some of us who aspire to work for the international business sector.  (Han Ma) 

Breakfast on the Hill  (don't ask)-

 Since it's been mentioned in class, this an interesting article on the North American Auto Pact and why the EU and Japan took pact to the WTO.  Of course, we know now that the WTO declared it illegal, so what next? (Erik Dymtruk)

 Free versus Fair Trade: The Dumping Issue -

 Brought to you by the Federal Reserve Bank of NY, leads to the Fed's take on umping.  There is lots of detailed info on anti-dumping measures taken by countries, etc.  My take on the whole situation (steel production) is that dumping is occurring because production capacity is greater than world demand, so companies either go bankrupt, or make companies in other countries go bankrupt.  There won't be as many producers in the near future, unless they are subsidized by governments.  But that's just my view.  Take a look at this website for a different one. (Erik Dymtruk) 

Trade war set to escalate // BBC article

 Banana and Beef trade wars threaten to shut down even more trade because the WTO has ruled that the US can go ahead with punitive tariffs (100s of billions of $ worth) against Europe on products ranging across the board. But- US beef is seriously hormone/chemical ridden and our bananas are produced in not too environmentally-conscious ways.., besides being one of the highest pesticide produced crops. EU bananas are produced on much smaller plantations... (Viva Taylor) 

$4bn in sanctions against US // BBC article

 Here's one the other way: Europe's mad about US subsidies to its big companies like Microsoft, Boeing, etc...(in the form of large tax breaks) . But isn't France known for the same kind of policy for Airbus? (Viva Taylor) 

World Economic Forum -

 The World Economic Forum is the foremost global partnership of business, political, intellectual and other leaders of society committed to improving the state of the world.  Members, constituents and collaborators have a unique opportunity, through their association with the World Economic Forum, to engage in processes of developing and sharing ideas, opinions and knowledge on the key issues of the global agenda. (Dennis Chiu)

 The Fair Trade and Ethical Investment Project -

 The Philippine Resource Centre in London is co-ordinating a three year initiative on fair trade and ethical investment. The aim is to contribute to greater security and welfare for poor communities affected by the drive for rapid economic growth in the Philippines, especially in areas targeted for industrialisation. PRC hopes to enable these groups, together with consumers, businesses and opinion farmers in the UK, to build sustainable trading relationships which reduce the exploitation of people and the natural resource base. (Dennis Chiu) 

Fair Trade Commission of Taiwan

 This site provides extensive information on trade issues, anti-competitive activities and monitors the economic transactions between Taiwan and the rest of the world. There are interesting and informative links to recent publications, vital statistics, laws and regulations surrounding trade with Taiwan. The anti-competition information is supplementary to what we have learned in class with regards to infant industry and Taiwan's growing computer technology industry. (Veronica Lau) 

The US-Thailand Business Council Website 

There is useful information about the effects of depreciation (of the baht) on trade and how the import/export industries are affected. There are links to current events, annual meetings and forums to discuss trade issues and policies surrounding the state of the Thai economy and fluctuations in the exchange rates. Good example of how a less developed country is affected by and responds to the opening of trade with a more developed country such as the US. (Veronica Lau) 

Bank of England -

 Bank of England controls the monetary policy of the United Kingdom. This website includes all the mechanisms the Bank uses, as well as general economic issues in the UK, its relation to the rest of Europe, and world.  More interestingly, the Bank of England has just published, for the first time, a detailed technical guide to the way a changeover to euro in sterling financial markets might work, if the UK were to join, that is, the forecasted cost and impact of the euro on UK if it were to join. (Charlene Choi) 

The European Industrial Relations Observatory (EIRO) -

 EIRO is an online database under the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions.  EIRO acts both as a media and a producer of ideas (through analytical and argumentative articles) on developments in industrial relations in the 15 EU member states and Norway.  The comparative studyt in July 2000 speaks on the wage policy and the EMU, assessing the extent to which the 16 countries are prepared to meet the new wage requirements of the EMU. (Charlene Choi)

 United States International Trade Court - 

This website is relevant to our class and class discussions because it talks about the US international trade court, which deals effectively and efficiently with the increasingly complex problems arising from international trade litigation. Moreover, this court deals with import duties. (Melanie Anantharaman) 

National Trade Bank -

 I am not sure of which country.  However, this site is very useful for our class because it defines all the familiar terms that are used in international trade, such as dumping.  Also, this website gives a quick summary of the free trade blocks there are or the treaties that have been signed. (Melanie Anantharaman)

 Pros and Cons of Agricultural Subsidies for Certain Crops -

 This website provides arguments for and against agricultural subsidies.  The arguments against are generally the ones we have already heard in class.  However, it is interesting to read the argument favoring subsidies which include arguing that external benefits are created.  For example, food subsidies reduce starvation and malnutrition which in turn keep health care costs low.  (Gee Wah Mok) 

The Real Mad Cow Disease -

 Produced by a Welsh organization, this website provides the background and lays out the issues at hand with the hormone beef trade dispute between the US and the UK.  The argument mostly appeals to the desire for humane treatment of animals and a fear of medical side effects of excess hormones.  It's interesting to read a first-person's account of dealing with hormone-treated animals.  However, there is some terribly annoying MIDI music in the background that leads me to believe Welshmen have very odd musical taste, a possible side effect of eating tainted mad cow. (Gee Wah Mok)  

International Trade Data Network - 

The International Trade Data Network is an extensive collection of databases providing detailed market research as well as cultural and political information used by businesses to find new markets for their products and services worldwide. (Dennis Chiu) 

Grandfather Economic Report (Foreign Trade) -

 This is a mini-report about the increasing dependence on international trade, and our poor performance, presented in an easy-to-understand format with pictures.  This report is a part of the series of Grandfather Economic Reports, of certain negative economic conditions facing families and their children, compared to prior generations. (Dennis Chiu)

 Eurostat -

 Eurostat is an daily-updated online statistical database for the EU and the euro-zone.  Included are indicators such as GDP, migration effects, unemployment rates, industry statistics, and international trade statistics. (Charlene Choi) 

Far Eastern Economic Review -

 This weekly magazine can be best described as the "Economist" of the Far East.  News articles relate to current- economic and trade-related issues in the Far East, often with much implications on world interactions.  This week, the feature story covers the need for skilled-workers (IT-related) in Far East, namely Hong Kong, Seoul, and Singapore, and implications on immigrant policies (relax thereof). (Charlene Choi) 

Korea International Trade Association - 

During over the past 50 years, KITA has concentrated on expanding Korea`s trade relations, and on developing the economy. Most recently, KITA has focused on integrating Korea more fully with the international business community. This site has links to the Korea Trade Information Services in addition to numerous publications. (Helen Kang) 

The Library of International Trade Resources -

 The Library of International Trade Resources is a service providing both interactive information access and customized consultation services. We have constructed this web site which houses many of the vital tools we have come to rely upon in our own research endeavors. Each database or research tool has been compartmentalized into one of three broad categories, which include: 1. TradeStatistics Interactive&trade 2. AD/CVD Interactive&trade and 3. Reference Interactive&trade. (Helen Kang) 

Global Trade Watch :

 Global Trade Watch is the Public Citizen division that fights for international trade and investment policies promoting their version of government and corporate accountability, consumer health and safety, and environmental protection through research, lobbying, public education and the media. Founded by Ralph Nader, Green party candidate for President in 1996. (Dennis Chiu) 

U.S. Department of State, Country Reports on Economic Practice and Trade Reports : 

Chronological Index for Country Reports on Economic Policy and Trade Practices prepared by Department of State. Modeled on the Department of State annual Country Reports on Human Rights Practices, the reports are intended to provide a single, comparative analysis of the economic policies and trade practices of countries with which the United States has significant economic or trade relationships. (Dennis Chiu) 

ZNet Global Economics Crisis :

 Site gives the 'anti-WTO /IMF' perspective on global economics and trade issues.  Lot's of articles. (Viva Taylor) 

 Currency Crises by Paul Krugman : 

This is an article by Krugman about currency crises.  It is really explanatory.  It gives a model for understanding crises and then discusses the ERM crises of 1992, the Latin American crises in the mid 90's and the more recent Asian crises. (Viva Taylor)

Washington Post: Trade Policy- 

A site that contains all current issues that pertain to world trade and economics.  Its links also provide a helpful resource for further information regarding trade. (Vanessa Tung)

 This particular site has current policy news and provides informative analysis of world trade issues.  It also provides weekly research topic that focuses on one specific issue in trade that is helpful in understanding an issue in its entirety. (Vanessa Tung)  

Gore and Lieberman 2000 - 

Al's official site, with everything that he claims he will do if (the BIG if) he gets recounted... elected.  At the top of the page is a scroll down menu marked "Issues" that is a direct link to his stance on the Economy, Immigration, Labor, the Budget and everything else.  Check out this page while you are biting your nails waiting for the millions of votes to be counted.  And in case he loses, you can understand why it happened! (Erik Dymtruk) 

Ralph Nader-

 -  enough said.  (begs for 5%) (Erik Dymtruk)

 Bush  & Cheney-

 - The republican candidates' official website.  Like the Gore site, it has all the information on their policies.  Given that it looks as though Bush is going to win, you should check out his economic policies now so that you can compare his promises to what actually happens.  (Erik Dymtruk) 

Southern African Development Community- 

The Treaty, establishing the Southern African Development Community, was signed in Windhoek in 1992.  Member States: Angola, Botswana, Congo, Lesotho, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychells, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe. The Treaty provides for protocols which will set out the principles and procedures under which Member States will conduct their economic cooperation and trade relations in specific industries and products. (Dereje Tedla)

 Organization of African Unity- 

The Organization of African Unity purposes are to promote the unity and solidarity of the African States; defend the sovereignty of members; eradicate all forms of colonialism; promote international cooperation having due regard for the Charter of the United Nations and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights; coordinate and harmonize Member States economic, diplomatic, educational, health, welfare, scientific and defense policies. The OAU has played a significant role with respect to the economic integration efforts of African countries. (Dereje Tedla)

 United Nations Conference on Trade and Development- 

Established in 1964 as a permanent intergovernmental body, UNCTAD is the principal organ of the United Nations General Assembly in the field of trade and development. Main goals are to maximize the trade, investment and development opportunities of developing countries, and to help them face challenges arising from globalization and integrate into the world economy, on an equitable basis. Currently 190 States along are members and many intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations have observer status and participate in its work. (Dereje Tedla) 

Cato Institute Center for Trade Policy Studies- 

Founded in 1977, the Cato Institute is a nonpartisan public policy research foundation headquartered in Washington, D.C. The mission of the Cato Institute Center for Trade Policy Studies is to increase public understanding of the benefits of free trade and the costs of protectionism. (Dereje Tedla) 

Center for Strategic and International Studies- 

The Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) is a public policy research institution dedicated to analysis and policy impact. It covers key functional areas, such as international finance, U.S. trade and economic policy, national and international security issues, energy, and telecommunications. (Dereje Tedla)

 The Evian Group (Economic Order in the Global Era)- 

The Evian Group is strongly committed to the maintenance and robust enhancement of the open liberal economy and to the rules based multilateral system. Reflecting general developments, trends and challenges that have recently arisen and that face the global economic community in the years ahead, and, more specifically in light of the new round of WTO negotiations, the Evian Group has deepened and expanded its scope and programme of activities. While continuing the emphasis on creating dialogue between government, industry, academe and the media, the partners for dialogue has been expanded to include a select number of representatives from NGOs and Trade Unions. (Dereje Tedla) 

Competition Policy and the Global Trading System: A Developing-Country Perspective -

 This is a World Bank-sponsored paper by Bernard Hoekman.  It talks about trade laws that would ban anticompetitive practices around the world.  His position is that free trade with developing nations has overwhelmingly positive effects, and that those most likely to oppose laws that are most advantageous to developing nations are members of special interest groups in DEVELOPED nations.  Sound familiar? (Brian Choi) 

International Economics and Business -

 This is a website put together by a student at the Grove School of Business at Shippensburg University.  It is a quick and easy way to find facts and tutorials to many of the things we are learning in class.  It includes links to various economics websites, graphs/explanations on a lot of the material we are learning, and also includes some articles that specifically relate the class' material to the real-world. (Brian Choi) 

American Chamber of Commerce -

 This website promotes US- China trade and Hong Kong as the premier international business center for over 30 years. There are forums and business conferences that discuss international trade and business in the Asia-Pacific region. Useful information for those that are interested in the export and import industry in Asia and current trade issues and problems. (Veronica Lau) 

Hong Kong Trade Development Council's trade matching website -

 There are links to find company profiles, business contacts, and brand search. People can place bids and offers for different international trade agreements. This website is helpful in finding more information on how international trade is conducted through global networks and on the internet. (Veronica Lau) 

Australia Post -

 The Australia Post website provides domestic and international postal services and postal solutions.  It is Australia's only postal service provider and is a monopoly.  It is owned by the Australian government and thus has govt./legal barriers to entry into the industry.  (Luke HO) 

General Motors - 

General Motors is involved in the automobile industry and is considered to be a monopolistic competitor.  It is a monopolistic competitor because it differentiates its product from that of rival firms (i.e. Ford, Toyota, Honda, BMW, Mercedes Benz) and thus has slight control over their pricing policies.  Therefore, it acts like a monopolist in pricing, even though each faces competition from many rivals.  (Luke HO) 

Anti-Dumping Investigations may restrict Economic Growth -

 EU had recently decided to impose countervailing and anti-dumping duties on Indian steel exports. Anti-dumping and anti-subsidy investigations by the European Union (EU) could restrict scope of economic development of countries such as India, a senior commerce ministry official said on Monday. (Jessica Liu)  

Anti-Dumping Laws Trash Supercomputer Competition

 America's anti-dumping laws punish consumers and penalize foreign companies trying to compete in the U.S. market. The dumping charge recently upheld against Japanese supercomputer makers shows the economic illogic and systematic unfairness of the law. (Jessica Liu) 

International Trade Theories and Analysis

 This website is a collection of references for International Economics. They are full of books that may be helpful for further understanding of some concepts we've been covering in class. (Jessica Liu) 

Monopolistic Competition

 This page discusses monopolistic competition that allows for the presence of increasing returns to scale in production and for differentiated (rather than homogeneous or identical) products.  It also goes about explaining the motivation for intra-industry trade. (Jessica Liu)

 Issues 2000 -

This site lists every major presidential candidates' stance on all of the most frequently mentioned issues.  It is divided into the various issues and provides news articles exploring their particular stance.  Of particular interest to our class is the free trade and immigration issue. (Gee Wah Mok) Does Free Trade Send Jobs Overseas? -

As if it were straight off a template from our midterms, this website attempts to give the argument for both sides of an issue.  However, they give fairly diluted arguments compared to our class, but it is neat to compare it with the level of our class.  (Gee Wah Mok) 

The Case For Free Trade and Open Immigration

An online book that makes the case for unilateral free trade and open borders brought by the Future of Freedom Foundation.  It is an educational foundation that advances the libertarian philosophy by providing an uncompromising moral and economic case for individual liberty, free markets, private property, and limited government. (Jessica Liu) 

Mr. Smith Goes to Washington

 This book cover a wide range of ideas and issues, but all seek to answer the same question: How relevant are the ideas of Adam Smith's Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations (1776) for the economic and political problems of contemporary America? (Jessica Liu) 

Trade Policies -

 Although this site is one related to a business organization there are a lot of useful facts that can be drawn from their resources.  Information includes current updates on news affecting trade and certain laws regarding trade. (Dennis Chiu) 

Journal of Commerce -

 Through its publications, Web sites, and data services, JoC Group is the leading supplier of business information for people involved in transporting goods and commodities in the United States and internationally. Visitors will find breaking news, analysis, sailing schedules, logistics tools, market data, links,and more. (Dennis Chiu) 

U.S. Census Bureau's Foreign Trade Statistics-

 This site offers vital and very updated trade-related statistics of many countries. The most pertinent statistics to our understanding of foreign trade can be found in the extensive reports of exports and imports by country. Aside from the stats, this site has a comprehensive database of trade regulations and monitoring programs but does impose a membership fee for access of these important data. (Vanessa Tung)

 U.S. Trade Org.-

 This is the official site of U.s. Trade Org. It is designed to provide the latest news and information on U.S. trade policy and to increase general awareness and understanding of the importance of trade to U.S. economic growth. The U.S. Trade Org encourages active participation in U.S. trade policy-making by also providing ways to contact representatives of the House for whoever interested. This site also contains trade data and statistics and lists many useful links that can further our understanding of U.S. trade policy. (Vanessa Tung)

 Global Trade Negotiations Homepage -

 The Global Trade Negotiations Homepage is a project of a department at Harvard University.  It includes a lot of information about the issues, debates, government positions, and organizations that surround international trade policy.  The site is a good place to look if you're looking for papers, websites, and even contact information for more resources.  They even give you the option of uploading your own academic papers regarding international trade.  Of course, a standard disclaimer: "It is not in any way affiliated with the World Trade Organization, nor has it received its endorsement."     (Brian Choi)

 The United States-China Business Council- 

This organization is composed of U.S. companies engaged in trade and investment in People's Republic of China. The council works to provide research, analysis, and investment information to serve the interest of its more than 250 corporate members. Besides being a site for members to access important trade-related information, it offers the latest news on U.S.-China trade relations for the public.  As U.S. returns to normal trade relations with China, it is vital to the students of International trade to inform ourselves of how and why we should trade with China. (Ben Ma)

 California Council for International Trade-

 CCIT is a council that seeks to facilitate beneficial trade agreements for the interests of California-based businesses.  Unlike what most would suspect, CCIT does not support protectionist measures over California exports; instead, it supports the advancement of both U.S. imports and exports. This site offers information on its members, council activities, goals and trade agreements relevant to CCIT.  As students and residents of California, I think it'd be interesting to see how our regional council can influence the shaping of trade policies. (Ben Ma)

 The Emerging Markets Directory :

 This site provides links to government, business, academic, and media sites related to the emerging markets of Asia, Latin America, Europe, Africa, and the Middle East.   It's helpful for finding out all sorts of information. (Viva Taylor)

 The Trade and Development Centre :

 This site is produced jointly by the WTO and the World Bank.  It has some country profiles... It's all about trade and how it relates to social and economic development. (Viva Taylor)

 Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) -

 Another regional alliance composed of southeast Asian nations designed to foster and promote economic growth.  However the original intent to promote growth has led to cooperation in political/security matters as well other social factors.  The website has various economic statistics along with the issues in which they collaborate.  (Gee Wah Mok) 

International Forum on Globalization -

 The IFG is an alliance of thinkers trying to analyze economic globalization in different lights.  Their goals are two-fold: 1) Expose the multiple effects of economic globalization in order to stimulate debate, and (2) Seek to reverse the globalization process by encouraging ideas and activities which revitalize local economies and communities, and ensure long term ecological stability.  There are also sections with their position toward the IMF, World Bank, UN, and the WTO. (Gee Wah Mok)

American Apparel and Footwear Association (AAFA)-

 A website devoted to issues regarding our favorite labor-intensive good! The website contains pertinent information to the practices and trading policies regarding the American clothing industry.  It also includes information about the recent Caribbean Basin Trade Enhancement law that will affect the way American clothing manufacturers do business overseas. (Brian Choi) 

Canadian American Int'l Business Council of Tampa Bay-

 Given that there I'm from Canada, and went to high-school in Tampa, I couldn't resist.  The purpose of this organization is to help promote/facilitate trade and business ventures between Canada and Florida.  Did you know 10% of Canada visited Florida last year, or that Canadian businesses employ 40 000 Floridians.  It looks like we're slowly taking over Florida.  There's lots of other tidbits, and information on trade opportunities, and trade missions conducting by the organization. (Erik Dymtruk) 

Tradeport - 

 A very resourceful website that offers information on everything from how to trade, to information on tariffs.  If you were ever thinking of taking your company abroad, stop by here first.  One of the coolest things is the ability to search for trade leads by country, region, or even product.  These leads are passed on by consulates, or the various Am. Chambers of commerce.  (Erik Dymtruk) 

Association For Evolutionary Economics 

The Association for Evolutionary Economics (AFEE) is an international organization of economists and other social scientists devoted to analysis of economics as evolving, socially constructed and politically governed systems. (Jessica Liu)

 Jock O'Connell

 Essays on international economics, world trade and politics published by Jock O'Connell, president of The ClarkStreetGroup (international business consultants) and one of California's leading authorities in the internationalization of the Golden State's economy. (Jessica Liu) 

Gap Sucks -

 This website focuses on Gap's use of "sweatshop labor" and hosts Global Exchange. Global Exchange is a human rights organization dedicated to promoting environmental, political, and social justice around the world. We have learnt in BA187 that international trade does not exploit lower wage earners in developing countries, as long as that country specializes in labor-intensive production. (Luke HO) 

California Milk Advisory Board -

 The California Milk Advisory Board helps dairy producers in California deal with both exports and imports (intra-industry trade - Chap. 7). Recent international trade agreements that open global markets offer additional distribution channels for California's high-quality dairy products. Dairy products are one of California's largest exporters and this group ensures that their members are not disadvantaged by any international trade laws.  (Luke HO)

 Asia & Australia: The age

 Useful site with comprehensive business news coverage. They also provide general news and information. (Jasmin Wen)

 ASIA: ASEAN Countries - ASEAN (The Association of Southeast Asian Nations)

 The ASEAN WWW site is divided into several sections covering the history of ASEAN, economic and social indicators for each Member Country (Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam), developments in the political arena, basic political documents signed by Member Countries, press releases from the ASEAN Ministerial Meetings and the ASEAN Regional Forum, ASEAN's activities in economic cooperation, with emphasis placed on the ASEAN Free Trade Area (AFTA). It also provides information on the trade and investment policies of Member Countries. The last section contains the ASEAN Calendar of Activities and a list of ASEAN publications. (Jasmin Wen)

 Child Labor Article - The Economist - September 16, 2000

 This is an article about child labor; its role in the lives of people in the developing countries.  It cites a recent paper by Berkeley professors that give reasons for children to work in the developing countries.  This is an interesting read for those who were in class on Friday Oct. 17 when Professor Veitch spoke about child labor.  (Sheila Chen)

Questions on International Trade: Who wins and who loses?

 This page discusses the Ricardian Model, HO model, and briefly covers the Linder demand theory and increasing returns to scale.  Answers vital questions about trade gains and losses. This is a good supplement and overview of what we already covered in the class and leads into the post-midterm material.  (Veronica Lau)

 Product Cycle Theory and Linder Demand

 This page discusses the Linder Demand theory in greater detail, relating it to what we have learned about the Hecksher Ohlin model. Also discusses export promotion versus import substitution and its effects on the economy. (Veronica Lau)

 PACIFIC - International Trade and Business Reference Page -

 This page has helpful resources such as a dictionary of international trade and business and a table of the currencies of the world.  In addition, among other things, this page has information regarding the history of the GATT and the actual original text.  (Helen Kang)

 12 Myths of International Trade -

 This site contains a report by the US Senate Joint Economic Committee with an introduction to international trade and an explanation of its importance.  It also spells out 12 common myths of international trade, many of which we have discussed in class. (Helen Kang)

 Center for Trade Policy Studies -

 Resource for recent issues dealing with world trade and policies of states that affect globalization.  Deals with all sorts of issues that are relevant to political actions of today. (Dennis Chiu)

 National Law Center for Inter-American Free Trade -

 The Center conducts comparative legal and transactional studies of the disparate laws, practices and attitudes among countries of the Western Hemisphere desiring to participate in a free trade area. The Center's various projects serve to identify and eliminate the structural legal obstacles to free trade through the harmonization of commercial laws and practice and the standardization of legal documentation. (Dennis Chiu) 

SIA Semiconductor Industry Association -

Since we were talking about Intel, here's the association of computer chip producers.  There's an article about why the passage of H-1B visa legislation is " a win" for this industry.  SIA has an office in Japan. That site (linked) shows who the main Japanese chip producers are.  There's a link for Korea and Mainland China too... (Viva Taylor)

 The International Economics Study Center

Here's a great resource. It's basically an online international trade textbook given by George Washington University in Washington DC. It focuses on international economic issues and has links to current international trade news stories...  I found it looking for info on external economies of scale...(Viva Taylor)

Centre for International Trade (CIT)

 Is a member organization established with the objectives to improve, facilitate and expand international trade. There are 3,500 members from every corner of the world and include embassies, government agencies, trade associations, companies, firms and individuals. CIT provides network and cooperate with and offer courtesy discounts to each other and assistance in all aspects of international trade, including: trade opportunities from government agencies, manufacturers, importers, exporters, traders...  and finance assistance in areas of project funding, partnerships, venture capital, insurance, bonds...  (Jasmin Wen)

 International Marketing, Management and Financial Consulting Company

 Offers a wide range of professional services. The company specializes in:   International trade financing, such as Letter of Credit discounting and forfaiting, as well as factoring; Equipment financing and leasing;  Market development, such as licensing & technology transfer, including marketing strategy development and budgeting, as well as Marketing Planning, Marketing  Alliances and Joint Ventures. (Jasmin Wen)

 Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA) -

Initiated under the Summit of the Americas, the FTAA is an effort to unite the economies of the Western Hemisphere under one single free trade agreement. The web site is divided into the various negotiating and working groups in which the agreement itself is also partitioned.  The FTAA might be one of the avenues in which countries expand trade in light of the failure of the latest WTO rounds in Seattle. (Gee Wah Mok)

Fast Track: The Right Track for America -

Created by the America Leads on Trade advocacy group, this website provides information on fast track authority which is a bill that allows the President to negotiate free trade agreements with foreign countries, a power that is delegated to Congress.  After the President has negotiated the deal, Congress may choose to either pass or deny the deal, but cannot amend it.  The website provides the a definition of the issue in brief and various news clips on the topic. (Gee Wah Mok) 

Organization of Americas (OAS) trade unit-

 We're the "Foreign Trade Information System" (SICE for short from its Spanish acronym -- Sistema de Información al Comercio Exterior) -- the information technology arm of the Trade Unit of the Organization of American States (OAS). Our goal is to provide the most complete information and documents on trade in the Western Hemisphere as possible. (Dereje Tedla)

 Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) -

 COMESA exists 'as an organisation of free independent sovereign states which have agreed to co-operate in developing their natural and human resources for the good of all their people'. With its 20 member states and population of 385 million it forms a major integrated trading block. (Dereje Tedla)

 The US International Trade Commission -

 The USITC is an independent, quasi-judicial federal agency that provides objective trade expertise to both the legislative and executive branches of government, determines the impact of imports on U.S. industries, and directs actions against certain unfair trade practices, such as patent, trademark, and copyright infringement. Includes information on latest trade developments and US trade statistics. (Helen Kang)

 The US and the WTO: A Global Trade Agenda -

 This site offers resources on numerous trade topics including China, developing countries, and tariffs. In addition, it provides background information on US policy and current reports generated from Congress. (Helen Kang)

 Statistics Canada-

This site is a databank of economic and trade statistics of Canada.  Information ranges from latest economic indicators (GDP by region, by industry sector), to export and import data on a balance of payment basis, to environmental concerns. (Charlene Choi)

 Maury Obstfeld's Homepage-

Chair of UC Berkeley's Department of Economics.  His website contains PDF files of his working papers and titles of published texts and books.  Some of his working papers concern the issues of common currency in Europe, and how OECD's economic integration may affect US Current Account. (Charlene Choi)


Students and faculty of UC Berkeley have free access to netLibrary and its databank of eBooks that can be read on-or off-line (downloadable).  More importantly, Krugman's Pop Internationalism is available.  (Charlene Choi) 


 This is the official site of APEC, or Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation. It provides information on the norms and procedures of APEC, and what it wishes to facilitate, in terms of trade agreements between members.  APEC members include Asian countries and U.S. and Canada. (All countries touching the Pacific Ocean can become members). (Vanessa Tung)

 Krugman/Obstfeld Companion Site -

 This is the official companion website to the textbook we are using in class (International Economics: Theory and Policy, 5th ed).  It contains several applications for each chapter that allows students to test the theories presented in the book using relevant data from the internet.  It provides power point slides of the diagrams found in the text.  (Brian Choi) 

The Dismal Scientist -

 The Dismal Scientist is a website devoted to economics, both U.S. and national.  It has a lot of economic data and analysis (both US and world), statistics, national and world business news, and feature stories regarding several different areas of business and economics.  It even has an interesting prediction of the presidential election based on economic factors alone.  (Brian Choi)

 Models of Trade -

 Great resource for those that still don't quite get all the differences between the models of trade.  This site compiles various models of trade and serves as a resource for understanding the characteristics of each model. (Dennis Chiu) 

Group of 77 (G-77) -

The G-77 is the largest Third World coalition within the United Nations.  The Group of 77 provides the means for the developing world to articulate and promote its collective economic interests and enhance its joint negotiating capacity on all major international economic issues in the United Nations system, and promote economic and technical cooperation among developing countries (ECDC/TCDC).  (Gee Wah Mok)

US Trade and Development Agency -

The U.S. Trade and Development Agency assists in the creation of jobs for Americans by helping U.S. companies pursue overseas business opportunities.  TDA funds project planning activities that directly influence the procurement decisions related to major industrial or infrastructure projects in developing and middle-income countries.  TDA works to ensure that the services and products needed for projects will be stamped "Made in the U.S.A."  (Gee Wah Mok) 

Why Free Trade Matters to The American Farmer -

 This site discusses the effects of the world agricultural market to the American farmer.  It also makes recommendations to Congress as to how they can help American farmers current predicament. (Jessica Liu) 

Advancing Free Trade to Latin America

 This site reports on the economic success of Latin America. Their overall economic growth is reflected in lower inflation, less government intervention, and lower trade barriers.  It also focuses on trade liberalization in the region.  (Jessica Liu) 

The Global Connector: 

 An organization with a phenomenal amount of info on just about any country in the world.  There is everything from import/export data, to economic forecasts.  As well, there is commentary and links to other sites that offer very specific information on countries and industries.  If you are planning on taking your beer brewery business global, then check this site out because it will really help. (Erik Dymtruk) 

Small Island Developing States Network - 

Examines real world examples to some of the theories reviewed in class such as trade and disparity among nations. Particularly concentrated on small economies and sustainable development. (Jeremy Miller) 

Resources for Economists on the Internet - 

Search engine to thousands of links to data and information concerning national and international economics. All questions will be answered here. (Jeremy Miller) 

Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD) -- 

Data bank and research papers of member countries on topics ranging from migration, immigration policies, demographics, to competitive laws and industry information. (Charlene Choi) (Erik Dymtruk) 

International Migration:

OECD report on migration trends and effects, including but not limited to the demographics of migration, contribution of immigration to the increase in total population and labour force, and the relationships between migration, free trade, and regional economic integration. (Charlene Choi) 

European Central Bank --

European System of Central Banks that coordinates the monetary policies of the euro-countries.  Reports include monetary and financial statistics as well as monetary policy decisions of the ECB. (Charlene Choi) 

Organization of Women in International Trade- 

OWIT is a non-profit organization designed to promote women doing business in international trade by providing networking and educational opportunities. Members of OWIT include women and men doing business in all areas of international trade ranging from finance, import/export, to sales and marketing. (Ivy Ng) 

Coalition of Services Industries- 

Coalition of Service Industries, formed in 1982, is a business organization that is dedicated to reducing barriers to US services exports.  It also aims for the development of constructive domestic policies that enhance the global competitiveness of its members.  CSI is basically an advocacy organization that represents the interests of its members in all US and international forums where progress can be made toward trade liberalization. (Ivy Ng) 

Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) -

APEC is another regional effort for promoting open trade and economic cooperation.  It is composed of 21 member countries and encompasses all major economies in the region including, China, Hong Kong, Japan, Russia, and the US.  The site provides news briefings, meeting reports, mission statements, along with major economic indicators of member countries.  (Gee Wah Mok)

Fair Trade Watch -

This is a site developed by the United Steelworkers of America which lists their gripes about the major international trade organizations and trade issues.  The site itself is not extremely informative however, it does serve well as a link page to various economic organizations which share similar complaints about the globalization process.  (Gee Wah Mok) 

The New York Times - 

The New York Times is the premier newspaper published in the United States. With daily coverage of international business and political events, the The New York Times online provides up to the minute coverage on the latest news relevant to economic trade, including developments in the WTO and other international agreements. (Helen Kang) . (Dennis Chiu) 

Bizeurope Resources - 

Bizeurope is Europe's leading business portal. It offers links to thousands of resource pages, hundreds of profiles of importers, information on companies looking for export offers, and directories to thousands of international trade sites.  It offers a comprehensive set of resources to anyone in business dealing with international trade. (Helen Kang) 

Centre for International Trade - 

Centre for International Trade (CIT) is a member organization established with the objectives to improve, facilitate and expand international trade. Our 3,500 members come from every corner of the world and include embassies, government agencies, trade associations, companies, firms and individuals. We network and cooperate with and offer courtesy discounts to each other. (Helen Kang)

The Ricardian Model -

 This page talks about the Ricardian Model under both autarky and trade.  It also discusses how Ricardo stressed comparative, not absolute advantage. (Jessica Liu)

 Business Coalition for US-China Trade -

 Established in 1990, the Coalition is an ad hoc association of over 1,200 U.S. companies as well as trade and farm organizations representing the U.S. manufacturing, agriculture, and services sectors. Coalition members support the expansion of U.S.-China trade, including the provision of Permanent Normal Trade Relations (PNTR) status to China and Chinese membership in the WTO under commercially acceptable terms that benefit American exports and jobs. (Jessica Liu) 

Financial Times Online -

 Based in England, the online site of the Financial Times covers current news about international business.  This is one of the recommended news sources for the class and is an excellent source for business and world news.  Sections include stories covering news, markets, industries, and companies. (The financial Times will be the source of some bonus questions on the midterm exam) (Brian Choi)

The Wall Street Journal: US View -

 This is the US homepage for the Wall Street Journal (Links to WSJ Asia and WSJ Europe are available at  The Wall Street Journal is one of the most respected newspapers in the nation and has excellent coverage of national and world news.  It focuses heavily on technology and business news and other events that play a heavy role in the U.S. and international business.  It is a subscription based website, but it is offering a free 30-day trial for new users.  (Brian Choi) 

Globalisation, Inequality, and Social Democracy

 This web page discusses the Hecksher-Ohlin Model.  The HO model has made a remarkable come-back as an explanation for patterns of trade between developed and developing countries, on the basis of the skill-intensity of products. The assumption that capital is internationally mobile means that countries are distinguished chiefly by how skilled their labour forces are. (Jessica Liu) 

Economics of International Trade -

 This website is a course site on International Trade.  It contains helpful material about the Hecksher-Ohlin model.  It also discusses the Edgeworth box, factor abundance, and factor intensity.  (Jessica Liu) 

The Board of Foreign Trade of Taiwan - 

This site provides information on trade related issues like statistics, tariffs, import/export laws, etc. within Taiwan. (Jasmin  Wen) 

Japan External Trade Organization -

 Japan External Trade Organization (JETRO) is a nonprofit, Japanese government-supported organization dedicated to promoting mutually beneficial trade and economic relationships between Japan and other nations.  This site is helping American companies doing business with Japan. Promotion of U.S.-Japan industrial cooperation, technology exchange and direct investment in Japan are also areas of significant activity. (Jasmin  Wen) 

On the Issues: China Trade -

 This article includes various opinions on granting NTR to China.  Both Gore and Bush both support granting NTR to China with claims that it will be good for American businesses and farmers, while some oppose because of China's poor human rights record and aggression towards Taiwan. (Bush's comments are in the row before his name) (Nancy Lu) 

Clinton Hails Senate Vote on China Trade -

 CNN article on the passage of NTR to China.  Major proponents of the bill were the White House and the business community.  The opposition came from labor, human rights and conservative groups who argued the necessity of annual review of trade relations with China to influence China's behavior. The legislation will go into effect when China joins WTO. (Nancy Lu)

 MITI - Ministry of International Trade and Industry: 

This is the home site for one of Japan's most important trade associations. The Ministry aids Japanese firms (large and small) by gathering valuable information dealing with export opportunities. This site includes a comprehensive coverage on publications, policies, speeches, stats, etc. useful for Japanese businesses.  (Nisha Kanchanapoomi)

 JETRO - Japan External Trade Organization: 

This site offers information on any trade topics dealing with foreign businesses or industries that want to enter the Japanese market. Topics useful to visitors direct them to specifics such as technology, investments, trade shows, etc.  (Nisha Kanchanapoomi)

 California Council for International Trade- 

The California Council for International Trade is a 40 year-old trade organization.  It is the only statewide organization dedicated to protecting and promoting trade policies and programs which advance the global trade and investment interests of California businesses.  CCIT's network partners include large and small manufacturers, exporters, and importers, educators, and former federal and state trade officials. (Ivy Ng) 

Fair Trade Federation- 

The Fair Trade Federation is an association of businesses that provide fair wages and employment opportunities to low-income artisans and farmers worldwide.  FTF directly links low-income producers with consumer markets and educates consumers about the importance of purchasing fairly traded products which support living wages and safe and healthy conditions for workers in the developing world.(Ivy Ng)

 International Trade (export for Small Business) - 

A comprehensive resource for small businesses, regarding exporting guidelines.  Provides information on methodology and channels by which one can develop their business. (Dennis Chiu) 

American Export Register  -

Very comprehensive directory of American exporting companies in various sectors and services.  Provides articles dealing with world trade. (Dennis Chiu)

 Coffee Contact - 

Since we were talking about coffee… this site is about issues concerning coffee production, growers’ cooperatives, and the certification and marketing of sustainable coffees, i.e., organic, fair trade, and shade-grown coffees.  For anyone who’s curious about the ecological aspects involved in coffee production, there’s info here on the different methods of growing coffee. (Viva Taylor) 

TransFair USA -

 This is the location of some articles about Starbucks and local Peet’s coffee companies and their plans to introduce fair trade certified coffee.  This is part of the website of TransFair which is a not for profit organization that facilitates fair trade. (Viva Taylor) 

International Trade Administration - 

The ITA is part of the United States Department of Commerce.  It's mission is to aid the position of the U.S. as a whole in the international trade arena.  The site's main focus seems to be to aid U.S. businesses in the process of trading internationally. (Brian Choi) 

The U.S. Commercial Service - 

The goal of the U.S. Commercial Service is to promote and protect the interests of U.S. business interests around the world.  It especially seeks to get small and medium-size businesses to benefit from international trade.  It provides assistance to businesses, providing information about the International trade environment and other pieces of information that may prove helpful to a business attempting to trade internationally. (Brian Choi)

The biodiversity economics site - 

This site looks at the effect of international trade on biodiversity and closely examines policies and topics therein. In the context of the WTO, the site creators believe it is important to "develop and harmonise the trade policies and measures of the biodiversity conventions." Hence, biodiversity trade is a core policy component of biodiversity economics. (Jeremy Miller) 

The Fair Trade Page site - 

This site is a place to read about and comment on the usage of fairness in international trade policy discussions and negotiations. You can choose from surveys, different papers, as well as articles on the issue of why economists should look more closely at fairness in trade. (Jeremy Miller) 

The Official Paul Krugman Web Page -

If you just can't get enough of Paul Krugman's work, his official website has links to numerous articles he has written for Fortune, Slate, The New York Times, and other various sources.  There is also a special page on Japan trade along with pages with biographical information.  (Gee Wah Mok)

Jubilee 2000 Coalition -

Jubilee 2000 is an international movement calling for cancellation of the unpayable debt of the world's poorest countries by the year 2000 under a fair and transparent process.  It contains criticism, led by leading academics on development economics and political economy, against certain World Bank and IMF policies, and provides a strong, coherent argument which the globalization protesters generally lack.  (Gee Wah Mok)

The National Law Center for Inter-America Free Trade -

 Center is a non-profit research and educational institution which seeks to develop the legal infrastructure necessary to facilitate the movement of goods, services and investment capital in the Western Hemisphere. The Center conducts comparative legal and transactional studies of the disparate laws, practices and attitudes among countries of the Western Hemisphere desiring to participate in a free trade area.  The legal aspect of international trade MUST also be considered as a barrier to free trade, but is not assumed in the models that we learn in class. (Luke HO)

 The European Free Trade Association (EFTA)

 EFTA is an international organisation comprising four states, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland.  The European Free Trade Association (EFTA) was founded to promote free trade as a means of achieving growth and prosperity amongst its Member States (i.e. mutual gains from trade) as well as promoting closer economic co-operation between the Western European countries. Furthermore, through their initiative the EFTA countries contribute to the expansion of trade in the world at large (i.e. free trade leads to greater prouduction and consumption levels when countries produce goods at which they have comparative advantage).  (Luke HO)

 Global Trade Watch -

The GTW is a spin-off of an organization that (cringe) Ralph Nader started.  It's main goal is to promote corporate and government accountability in trade.  It makes a really big deal about how it is still the only U.S. organization focused full-time on globalization issues.  Yee ha.  There is some interesting information on NAFTA, the WTO and other trade bodies, but mostly stuff on what the government has done wrong.  Nader is jealous.  Oh, and if you want to get an internship you can get info here as well. (Erik Dymtruk)

 Office of the United States Trade Representative-

The USTR and its chief is America's chief trade negotiator and the principal trade policy advisor to the President.  Its primary responsibilities are developing and implementing trade policies which promote world growth, to support efforts to protect the environment and advance core labor standards, and to create new opportunities for American businesses.  There is all kinds of bureaucratic information that we have all come to know and love. (Erik Dymtruk) 

The Developing Economies Quarterly -

 This site is an international and interdisciplinary forum for studies on social sciences relating to the developing countries. It provides an opportunity for discussions and exchanges across different scholarly opinions to promote theoretical, empirical, and comparative studies on the problems confronting developing countries.  For our class, it is a good source of academic opinions on trade and its effects on the developing countries.  (Sheila Chen) 

The International Economic Review - 

The International Economic Review provides a forum for modern quantitative economics, it strives to stimulate economic research  around the world by publishing research in many different fields, including international trade and development economics.  (Sheila Chen) 

US Pan-Asian American Chamber of Commerce- 

This is a non-profit organization designed to represent the rights of the Asian business and business professionals in business.  The goal of this organization is to further economic growth and progress.  Moreover, it is a forum for the organizations involved to express their opinions and this organization will advocate the opinions of the members.  This is relevant to our class, because not only do consumers want to benefit from trade, but so do businesses, and this is an organization within Asia that wants to help out businesses and the economy and as a whole. (Mrinalini Anantharaman) 

Foundation for International Business

Education and Research- 

This website is an organization which tells firms about governmental programs that can help businesses and firms achieve export success.  These probably include statistics and information about the relative comparative advantages and trade policy. Moreover, this is a research organization on international trade. This is related to our discussions in class, because firms should produce goods that a nation is comparatively good at producing.  Moreover, this organization gives seminars and lectures about international trade, which can help firms get a better understanding of international trade and what it takes to maximize success in the arena of international trade. (Mrinalini Anantharaman)

 The Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy - 

The Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy promotes resilient family farms, rural communities and ecosystems around the world through research and education, science and technology, and advocacy. Provides current event updates on the things that matter to the agriculture market most. (Dennis Chiu) 

The Bureau of Export Administration (US Department of Commerce) -

 Describes the relationships found in export markets, and the controls taken to regulate trade.  Good resource on regulations of trade and recent export news; includes general fact sheets dealing with policies. (Dennis Chiu)

 The United States Council of International Business- 

The United States Council of International Business is an organization that addresses policy issues to promote an open system of finance, investment, and world trade.  The USCIB encourages global interests in American business and allows members to thrive with their businesses and contribute to economic growth, human welfare, and the protection of the environment.  (Ivy Ng) 

The Federation of International Trade Association-

 The Federation of International Trade Association was founded in 1984.  FITA encourages international trade by strengthening the role of local, regional, and national associations.  These associations are spread across from locations such as the U.S., Mexico, and Canada.  FITA affiliates consists of over 350 independent international associations with a membership of more than 300,000 North American countries and organizations involved in international trade. (Ivy Ng)

Mobilization for Global Justice- 

This site is named after the April 16 protests against the IMF and WTO meetings in Washington DC.  It highlights the main arguments of protestors against globalization, includes articles, and links. (Stephanie Duchene) 

Similarly, this site is named for the upcoming September 26th meeting of the IMF in Prague. It is recruiting protestors and outlines the events of September 26th. It also provides arguments against the IMF. . (Stephanie Duchene) 

Center for International Trade and Security - 

This website is on a topic that we might not touch in class.  It focuses on policy relevant to technology and trade.  It addresses the issues of technology and trade and security issues posed by the latter.  This is relevant to our class, because although we don't cover in depth the security issues, they are a great concern to many when considering whether or not to pursue international trade. (Mrinalini Anantharaman)

American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research- 

This website is about Ricardo's model of trade and the allegation that unfair competition from poor countries, due to their low wages causes the large wage gaps in the US.  At the beginning of the page, it seemed as though the author propagated this argument, at the end of the page, he points out that US trade with poor countries is relatively small compared to the GDP of the US, hence domestic demand for labor has a more significant impact on this phenomena.  The issues posed in this website are the core of our discussions in our class lately.  The issue posed at the beginning of the page, is the main argument people have against free trade. (Mrinalini Anantharaman) 

U.S. Department of State - Economics and Trade Reports -


The U.S. Department of State web-site reports on economic policy and trade practices that are released by the Bureau of Economic and Business Affairs of the U.S. Department of State.  The reports are intended to provide a comparative analysis of the economic policies and trade practices of countries with which the United States has significant economic or trade relationships. (Luke Ho)

OPEC Home Page - 

OPEC is an intergovernmental organization dedicated to the stability and prosperity of the petroleum market.  OPEC Membership is open to any country which is a substantial net exporter of oil and currently has 11 member nations (many from the Middle East).  In class we have been learning about export-biased led growth of nations and its short-term and long-term effects on the balance of payments. (Luke Ho) 

European Union Internet Resource: 

Great resource on all the happenings of the European Union.  This site has many documented articles and information about the policies that the EU are dealing. (Dennis Chiu) 

The ABC of the EU: 

This site contains the basics of anything about the EU, ranging from it's conception to it's policies.  Informative site to get the jist of what the EU does and performs as a centralized trading bloc of countries. (Dennis Chiu) 

The CIA World Factbook -

The CIA has profiled an extensive list of countries in which it provides general background and statistics of a country including the people, the government and economic issues.  Within the economy section, primary importing/exporting products are listed along with major trading partners.  The World Factbook is a helpful source for general information. (Gee Wah Mok)

The United States-China Business Council -

The US-China Business Council is the principal organization of US companies engaged in trade and investment in the People's Republic of China.  It provides policy analysis, business advisory services, statistics on investment and trade, and issues transcripts or reports on meetings important to US-China trade.  Particularly relevant are special sections devoted to PNTR and China's WTO accession. (Gee Wah Mok)


Strategis:  Canadian Business/Trade site-  

A government website offering lots of information on doing business in Canada.  As well, extensive economic and trade data, including a highly functional, searchable database.  Search for trade of a specific item between Canada and the US (or any country). (Erik Dymtruk) 

US. Census Bureau, Department of Trade  

US gov't site offering all the trade data that is available to the public.  Trade numbers by product, country, and region exist, as well as information on various trade agreements the US has with other countries. (Erik Dymtruk) 

This is a website about presidential views regarding international trade. The issue of world trade raises its cumbersome head in this election year, complemented by November 1999 demonstrations in Seattle from divided sentiments. What actually is fair, and how trade outcomes affect America, comes under scrutiny by a number of presidential hopefuls. (Jessica Liu)

The International Trade / Import-Export Portal- 

Official Web site of the Federation of International Trade Associations (FITA).The Federation of International Trade Associations (FITA), founded in 1984, fosters international trade by strengthening the role of local, regional, and national associations throughout the United States, Mexico and Canada that have an international mission. (Jessica Liu) 

The United States Department of Labor - 

The United States Department of Labor is the Governmental agency that regulates most aspects of labor and the workplace.  It implements and oversees policies that attempt to ensure safe and fair working conditions. It covers a wide variety of workplace issues, such as wages, health and safety, employment rights, promoting equal employment, etc. (Brian Choi) 

The Global Exchange: Global Economy - 

The Global Exchange is a non-profit activist group. It promotes human-rights and so-called global awareness. In its global economy section, it attempts to show the wrong-doings of large corporations and multi-national governmental organizations like the IMF and the WTO. This site shows many of the opposing angles and arguments to what we've been learning in class. (Brian Choi) 

Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade- 

This link is about the Canadian government's foreign policies and treaties it has recently signed.  It also talks about the economic conditions in Canada. This is relevant, because Canada is the United State's largest trading partner.  Moreover, this elucidates the trade policies of Canada. (Mrinalini Anantharaman) 

China Council for the Promotion of International Trade- 

This site is about a non-governmental organization that is dedicated to trade and business issues.  They have the goal of promoting international trade and utilizing foreign capital.  This is relevant because China is a big example of a developing country that exports goods to the US and other nations.  They are attempting to implement more free trade between their trading partners. (Mrinalini Anantharaman) 


This is a pretty comprehensive web-site on Ricardo and Comparative Advantage.  It includes major works by Ricardo, and lots of links including his biographical data, critiques of his theory, and other Ricardo sites. (Nancy Lu) 

"To Lift All Boats" - 

This is an article by Robert Reich where he discusses the central point is to help the poor through various invest-in-the-youth plans.  He is mentioned several times by Krugman in Pop Internationalism and it would be worthwhile to check out this site and see what the nemesis of Krugman economics has to say.  He was the former Secretary of Labor and most well-known for his book Locked In the Cabinet which describes his experience in the Clinton administration.  He's a staunch advocate for the workers of America and his focus is on improving the welfare of the poor. (Nancy Lu) 

Global Competition/High-Tech Innovation - 

The major attraction on this site is the staff report on global competition. This is a sample of the overrated global competition hypothesis Krugman is so critical about PI. (Nancy Lu) 

U.S. Department of State, Country Reports on Economic Practice and Trade Report Index: 

This website contains links to annual Country Reports on Economic Policy and Trade Practices to many countries around the world.  Not only is demography such as GDP, Population, and Natural Resources of a particular country given, but trade and exchange rate policies are also provided.  Moreover, the website also provides data regarding U.S. Direct Investment Position Abroad on selected industries.  This website is a good reference site to glance into international trade practices of each country and assess US's position in terms of investment in these countries. (Charlene Choi) 

Under Secretary for Global Affairs: Policy -- Global Affairs: 

This website links to the Bureau of Democracy: Human Rights and Labor (DRL), Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs (INL), Bureau of Oceans, Environment and Sciences (OES), Bureau of Population, Refugees and Migration (PRM), and Senior Coordinator for International Women's Issues.  These links provide information other than pure financial data on other countries but deal with factors that are not included in GDP, per se, and have more to do with the negative externalities in an economy. (Charlene Choi) is the online center for the Latin American Business community.  Its goal is to provide businesses a gateway to the global market through simplifying and reducing the cost of communication by using the internet.  As a resource for class, it offers its own information on the political and economic development of the region, and provides news articles relating the Mercosur. (Sheila Chen) 

The World Bank

The World Bank is dedicated to the reduction of poverty in all developing countries.  It is currently working with more than 100 countries to bring economic knowledge of the developed world to improve living standards.  The site provides a vast amount of information on the developing countries: from trade, to human development, to environmental issues. (Sheila Chen) 

World Trade Organization- 

The World Trade Organization is an international group that deals specifically with issues of trade between most of the world's trading nations.  The goal of the WTO is to aid producers of goods and services, exporters, and importers conduct business.  This site includes up to date informations about major trade policies that happen around the world. (Dennis Chiu) 

International Monetary Fund- 

The International Monetary Fund is a collection of 182 nations with aims of creating and dealing with international monetary stability, cooperation, and exchange.  It's objectives include fostering economic growth and high levels of employment, by providing temporary financial assistance.  Great resource when inquiring about monetary policies of the international economies. (Dennis Chiu) 


The MERCOSUR was created by the Treaty of Asunción signed by Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay on March 26, 1991. Chile and Bolivia became associate members in 1996 and 1997 respectively. With a population of 220 million and a GDP of US$ 1.3 trillion in 1997, MERCOSUR is the fastest growing trading bloc in the world. (Jett Abramson) 


Citizens Concerned About Free Trade is a non-partisan grassroots organization founded in 1985 to provide information and mobilize those opposed to the Free Trade Agreements and loss of Canadian sovereignty. Its members, of all ages, political persuasions, and ethnic backgrounds, want Canada to survive as a nation. (Jett Abramson) 

Sweatshop Watch - 

Sweatshop Watch is a non-profit organization that is committed to ending sweatshop labor in the garment industry.  It's stated goal is to eliminate sweatshop conditions in its belief that "workers should be earning a living wage in a safe and decent working environment." It seeks to end the exploitation of inexpensive labor across international boundaries and also hold businesses accountable for their "crimes". (Brian Choi) 

OPEC Online - 

The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries is an organization that is comprised of the nations that export most of the world's oil.  OPEC allows its members to coordinate its policies in order to "stabilize the market and to help oil producers achieve a reasonable rate of return on their investment." Thus, OPEC is able to affect the world's oil prices by using its devices to manipulate the supply of oil. (Brian Choi) 

Austrade: Australian Trade Commission - 

Austrade is the Australian Trade Commission - the federal government's export and investment facilitation agency.  They help Australian companies win export contracts and promote foreign investment to and out of Australia.   Other services provided by Austrade include: in-marketed services, trade fairs and financial assistance for exporters. (Luke HO) 

The Trading Floor: GATT 1994 -

The GATT is the General Agreements on Tariffs and Trades governing international trade.  The web page contains the whole GATT articles which impact important issues in international trade (i.e. intellectual property). GATT in general prohibits the use of quantitative restrictions on imports and exports.  GATT emcompasses all aspects of international trade in the real world that is taught in BA187.  (Luke HO) 

Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade-

 The Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade promotes the prosperity and employment of Canada by advancing it's international trade and economic interests abroad, by maintaining market access for Canadian goods and services, by attracting foreign investment, and by promoting tourism to Canada.  It also aids in preventing international instability, environmental degradation, natural resource depletion, international crime, uncontrolled migration, and the spread of pandemic diseases. (Jessica Liu) 

The International Trade Center- 

The International Trade Centre UNCTAD/WTO (ITC) is the focal point in the United Nations system for technical cooperation with developing countries in trade promotion. ITC was created by the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade(GATT) in 1964 and since 1968 has been operated jointly by GATT (now by the World Trade Organization, or WTO) and the UN.  ITC is directly responsible for implementing UNDP-financed projects in developing countries and economies in transition related to trade promotion. (Jessica Liu) 

World Trade Organization ("WTO")- 

WTO is the only global international organization dealing with the rules of trade between nations. At its heart are the WTO agreements, negotiated and signed by the bulk of the world’s trading nations and ratified in their parliaments. The goal is to help producers of goods and services, exporters, and importers conduct their business. (Dereje Tedla) 

International Labor Organization ("ILO")- 

ILO is concerned with the regulation of the hours of work including the establishment of a maximum working day and week, the regulation of the labour supply, the prevention of unemployment, the provision of an adequate living wage, the protection of the worker against sickness, disease and injury arising out of his employment the protection of children, young persons and women, provision for old age and injury, protection of the interests of workers when employed in countries other than their own, recognition of the principle of equal remuneration for work of equal value, recognition of the principle of freedom of association, the organization of vocational and technical education and other measures which promote humane conditions of labour are established and adopted. (Dereje Tedla) 

The Economist-

 This is website for The Economist; it provides the latest information about happenings that affect the world's economy and hot business topics. The site also allows you to subscribe to an email newsletter and search archived articles. (Bonnie Tsang) 

The National Bureau of Economic Research-

 This site provides a number of papers written on a variety of economic issues ranging from intellectual property to sticky price models and international business. (Bonnie Tsang) 

NAFTA Secretariat- 

This site offers all the legal information on NAFTA and the FTA, which is the agreement between Canada and the US.  There is a timeline of various NAFTA decisions that have been made, as well as country specific implementations and decisions that have been carried out since its inception.  Given that Canada is the largest partner of the US, and Mexico is also one of its largest trading partners, it is important to understand the rules of NAFTA. (Erik Dmytruk) 

US Customs Service-

This site offers information on everything the US Customs Service does, including information on importing/exporting.  Unfortunately, there was no trade data available on the site.  However, if you would like to report a drug smuggling ring, or an illegal immigration pipeway, you can check this site out to contact someone.  (Erik Dmytruk) 

San Francisco Chamber of Commerce

 The San Francisco Chamber of Commerce provides businesses with networking possibilities, implementation strategies, and various resources for those interested in entering the San Francisco/Bay Area community. A wide variety of publications aid businesses in many departments such as small business associations, international business resources, and chamber business-builder programs. With such a large and growing industry base due to the area's entrepreneurial spirit, the San Francisco/Bay Area is a great locale for businesses seeking to prosper in the United States. (Nisha Kanchanapoomi) 

Export-Import Bank of the United States-

 The Export-Import Bank has been around for 65 years and is a financial provider to U.S. businesses through loans, guarantees, and insurance products/services that will aid them to compete at a global level. The Ex-Im Bank assumes financial risks that commercial lenders may not be able to handle by guaranteeing working capital loans and the repayment of loans, providing insurance against the risks of non-payment by foreign buyers, and makes loans to foreign purchasers/buyers of U.S. goods and services. (Nisha Kanchanapoomi)