Professor of the Graduate School | Transamerica Chair in Business Strategy Emeritus
Economic Analysis & Policy
Carl Shapiro is a Professor at Berkeley Haas and the Department of Economics at the University of California at Berkeley. He also is the Berkeley Haas Transamerica Professor of Business Strategy Emeritus.
Shapiro served as a Senate-confirmed Member of the President’s Council of Economic Advisers during 2011 to 2012. For the two years immediately prior to that, he was the Deputy Assistant Attorney General for Economics at the Antitrust Division of the U.S. Department of Justice; he also held that position during 1995 to 1996. From 1998 to 2008, he served as Director of the Institute of Business and Economic Research at UC Berkeley.
Shapiro has been editor and co-editor of the Journal of Economic Perspectives and a Fellow at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, among other honors. He earned his PhD in Economics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1981, taught at Princeton University during the 1980s, and served on the faculty at UC Berkeley since 1990.
Shapiro has published extensively in the areas of industrial organization, competition policy, patents, the economics of innovation, the design and use of patents, and competitive strategy.
Shapiro is the co-author, with Hal R. Varian, of “Information Rules: A Strategic Guide to the Network Economy,” published by the Harvard Business School Press. “Information Rules” has received critical acclaim for its application of economic principles to the Information Economy and has been widely read by managers and adopted for classroom use.
Expertise and Research Interests
- Anti-trust Economics
- Design and Use of Patents
- Economics of Networks and Interconnection
- Industrial Organization Economics
- Nancy L. Rose & Carl Shapiro. What Next for the Horizontal Merger Guidelines?. Antitrust Magazine.
- Carl Shapiro. Antitrust: What Went Wrong and How to Fix It. Antitrust Magazine.
- Cark Shapiro. Protecting Competition in the American Economy: Merger Control, Tech Titans, Labor Markets. Journal of Economic Perspectives.
- Carl Shapiro. Antitrust in a Time of Populism. International Journal of Industrial Organization.
- Herbert Hovenkamp & Carl Shapiro. Horizontal Mergers, Market Structure, and Burdens of Proof. Yale Law Journal.
- A. Douglas Melamed & Carl Shapiro. How Antitrust Law Can Make FRAND Commitments More Effective. Yale Law Journal.
- Steven C. Salop & Carl Shapiro. Whither Antitrust Enforcement in the Trump Administration?. Antitrust Source.
- Carl Shapiro. Patent Remedies. American Economic Review: Papers & Proceedings.
- Carl Shapiro, Aaron Edlin, Scott Hemphill, and Herbert Hovenkamp. The Actavis Inference: Theory and Practice. Rutgers University Law Review.
- Carl Shapiro. Competition and Innovation: Did Arrow Hit the Bull’s Eye?,. The Rate and Direction of Inventive Activity Revisited.
- Carl Shapiro. The 2010 Horizontal Merger Guidelines: From Hedgehog to Fox in Forty Years. Antitrust Law Journal.
- Carl Shapiro and Joseph Farrell. How Strong Are Weak Patents?. American Economic Review.
- Carl Shapiro and Mark A. Lemley. Patent Hold-Up and Royalty Stacking. Texas Law Review.
- Carl Shapiro and Mark A. Lemley. Probabilistic Patents. Journal of Economic Perspectives.
At Haas since 1990
2018 – present, Professor of the Graduate School
2018 – present, Transamerica Professor of Business Strategy Emeritus, Haas School
2011 – 2012, Member, President’s Council of Economic Advisers
2009 – 2011 and 1995 – 1996, Deputy Assistant Attorney General for Economics, Antitrust Division, U.S. Department of Justice
1994-2017, Transamerica Professor of Business Strategy, Haas School
1990-2017, Professor Business and Economics, UC Berkeley
1980 – 1990, Professor, Woodrow Wilson School and Department of Economics, Princeton University
- Senior Consultant: Charles River Associates
- Consultant: a wide range of private clients, the U.S. Department of Justice, and the Federal Trade Commission
- Research Associate: National Bureau of Economic Research
Economist of the Year, Global Competition Review
Susan Bies Lecture on Economics and Public Policy
Distinguished Fellow, Industrial Organization Society
Award for Excellence in Teaching, MBA Program, Haas School of Business
Honorable Mention, 1999-2000
National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship Program, 60th Anniversary Awardee
One of 60 Awardees selected from over 45,000 Fellows
- More than money: Solutions for reining in monopoly power, WBUR On Point, 02/18/2022
- Antitrust & Competition Law in the Age of a Global Pandemic, National Law Review, 03/27/2020
- Invigorating Antitrust Enforcement: A Conversation With Carl Shapiro, Ruled by Reason, American Antitrust Institute, 03/29/2022
- Economic Analysis for Business Decisions, BA 201A