Where You Sit Affects What You See: Examining Perspectives On Organizational Culture Across Hierarchical Levels and Demographic Groups
Despite the lack of agreement on a definition of organizational culture, scholars broadly conceptualize it as a set of cognitive constructs—values, norms, beliefs, or artifacts—widely shared among the members of an organization. Organizational members may, however, vary systematically in how they perceive their culture. With this in mind, in this project, we test whether individuals at higher levels of an organizational hierarchy and those in the gender and racial majority (i.e., White men) have more positive perceptions of the organization than those in the lower levels and in the minority. Understanding differences in cultural perceptions will inform us about hierarchies, mobility, and the different ways in which women and people of color experience their organizations and potentially help to advise organizations on how to build cultures that better support equity.